5 years ago

Towards a minimally invasive device for beta-lactam monitoring in humans

Towards a minimally invasive device for beta-lactam monitoring in humans
Antimicrobial resistance is a leading patient safety issue. There is a need to develop novel mechanisms for monitoring and subsequently improving the precision of how we use antibiotics. A surface modified microneedle array was developed for monitoring beta-lactam antibiotic levels in human interstitial fluid. The sensor was fabricated by anodically electrodepositing iridium oxide (AEIROF) onto a platinum surface on the microneedle followed by fixation of beta-lactamase enzyme within a hydrogel. Calibration of the sensor was performed to penicillin-G in buffer solution (PBS) and artificial interstitial fluid (ISF). Further calibration of a platinum disc electrode was undertaken using amoxicillin and ceftriaxone. Open-circuit potentials were performed and data analysed using the Hill equation and log(concentration [M]) plots. The microneedle sensor demonstrated high reproducibility between penicillin-G runs in PBS with mean Km1SD)=0.0044±0.0013M and mean slope function of log(concentration plots) 29±1.80mV/decade (r2 =0.933). Response was reproducible after 28days storage at 4°C. In artificial ISF, the sensors response was Km1SD)=0.0077±0.0187M and a slope function of 34±1.85 mv/decade (r2 =0.995). Our results suggest that microneedle array based beta-lactam sensing may be a future application of this AEIROF based enzymatic sensor.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1388248117301856

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