5 years ago

A non-conventional way to perform voltammetry

A non-conventional way to perform voltammetry
In a conventional voltammetric experiment, the electroactive species is dissolved in solution, and then diffuses from the solution phase to the electrode phase. In our proposed non-conventional voltammetric experiment, the electroactive species is trapped in the electrode phase instead of being dissolved in solution. A non-aqueous solvent was first used to trap the organic species in a porous surface layer and the modified electrode then transferred to an aqueous buffer to conduct voltammetry measurements. We tested the non-conventional voltammetric mode using a modified multi-walled carbon nanotube electrode containing mono-, di- and tri-nitroaromatic compounds trapped in the porous three-dimensional network of the CNTs. From these experiments, we conclude that the non-conventional mode produces higher peak currents and displacement of the peak potentials, yielding lower overpotentials. Furthermore, it is possible to obtain more selective voltammograms in the non-conventional mode, showing peaks that could not be resolved in the conventional mode. These results are due to a change in the mass transport regime, with thin layer diffusion being the main transport method in the non-conventional mode, compared to semi-infinite diffusion in the conventional mode. The proposed approach is an excellent alternative for performing voltammetric studies on insoluble or slightly soluble organic compounds.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1388248117301625

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