Understanding a molecular motor walking along a microtubule: an asymmetric Brownian motor driven by bubble formation with a focus on binding affinity
In recent years, many studies on a molecular motor have been conducted in the fields of biorheology and nanoengineering. The molecular motor is a molecule that converts the chemical energy obtained by ATP hydrolysis into mechanical energy. Explaining this mechanism is important for nanoengineering. A kinesin, which is a type of molecular motor, has the characteristics to move on a microtubule with hand-over-hand steps. The kinesin walking behaviour is explained by the ‘asymmetric Brownian ratchet model’. Previously, we had suggested that the walking mechanism was achieved by the bubble formation in a nanosized channel surrounded by hydrophobic atoms with the transition between the two states – bubble state and liquid state. However, the walking behaviour of the model motor was different from that of a single molecule measurement of a kinesin. In this study, we constructed a new motor system focused on the asymmetric binding affinity of a motor protein and performed a model simulation using the dissipative particle dynamics method. As a result, it was observed that hand-over-hand walking depends on the transition position ratio and the transition frequency coefficient. Moreover, the efficiency of the new motor system is higher than that of the previous motor systems. The new motor model can provide a simulation guide for the design of biomimetic nanomachines.