3 years ago

Sorption of light gases in glassy poly(ethyl methacrylate)

Sorption of light gases in glassy poly(ethyl methacrylate)
Boris V. Bol'shakov, Vladimir L. Vyazovkin, Sergey Grebenkin, Vladimir M. Syutkin
Although gas sorption in glassy polymers is a well-studied phenomenon, no general microscopical model is developed which is able to describe the gas sorption in a wide temperature range using only characteristics of polymer and gas molecule. In this work, sorption isotherms and desorption kinetics of O2, Ar, and N2 for glassy poly(ethyl methacrylate) have been measured in the temperature range from 160 to 308 K. To describe both the phenomena, the model is developed which postulates that, in the frozen structure of glassy polymer, any cavities between macromolecules are the sorption sites for small molecules. The cavities of small size can expand elastically to accommodate a gas molecule. The sorption sites are considered to be the potential wells and their depths are distributed according to Gaussian law. The concentration of sorption sites, their mean depth and depths dispersion, and the frequency of molecules oscillations in the sorption sites are the only parameters which determine both the gas transport and sorption. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 2017 In glassy polymers, many cavities between the macromolecules are the potential wells for small molecules. Such cavities are the sorption sites. Gas molecules only fill the existing cavities. If the cavity is smaller than the gas molecule, the elastic expansion/deformation of this cavity is required to accommodate the molecule.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/polb.24540

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