3 years ago

The Second Galactic Center Black Hole?; A Possible Detection of Ionized Gas Orbiting around an IMBH embedded in the Galactic Center IRS13E complex.

Yoshimi Kitamura, Takahiro Tsutsumi, Atsushi Miyazaki, Masato Tsuboi, Ryosuke Miyawaki, Makoto Miyoshi, Kenta Uehara

The Galactic Center is the nuclear region of the nearest spiral galaxy, Milky Way, and contains the supermassive black hole with M~4x10^6 Msun, Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*). One of basic questions about the Galactic Center is whether Sgr A* alone exists as a "massive" black hole in the region or not. The IRS13E complex is a very intriguing IR object which contains a large dark mass comparable to the mass of an intermediate mass black hole (IMBH) from the proper motions of the main member stars. However, the existence of the IMBH remains controversial. There are some objections to accepting the existence of the IMBH. In this study, we detected ionized gas with a very large velocity width (Delta v_{FWZI} ~ 650 km/s) and a very compact size (~400 AU) in the complex using ALMA. We also found an extended component connecting with the compact ionized gas. The properties suggest that this would be an ionized gas flow on the Keplerian orbit with high eccentricity. The enclosed mass is estimated to be 10^4 Msun by the analysis of the orbit. The mass does not conflict with the upper limit mass of the IMBH around Sgr A* which is derived by the long-term astrometry with VLBA. In addition, the object probably has an X-ray counterpart. Consequently, a very fascinated possibility is that the detected ionized gas is rotating around an IMBH embedded in the IRS13E complex.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00612

DOI: arXiv:1711.00612v1

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