Elastic Wannier-Stark Ladders and Bloch oscillations in 1D granular crystals.
We report the numerical and experimental study of elastic Wannier-Stark Ladders and Bloch oscillations in a highly tunable one-dimensional granular crystal consisting of cylindrical particles. The Wannier-Stark Ladders are obtained by introducing a gradient in the contact stiffness along the granular crystal. As a result, we demonstrate the existence of time-resolved Bloch oscillations in the form of spatially localized elastic vibrations in the system. The direct velocity measurement using Laser Doppler Vibrometry agrees well with the numerical simulation results. We also show that the system can be easily tuned to tailor these Bloch oscillations. Thus, such tunable systems promise a great degree of control over energy localization in a system and can be potentially used for energy harvesting purposes.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00511