Flattening axial intensity oscillations of a diffracted Bessel beam through a cardioid-like hole.
We present a new feasible way to flatten the axial intensity oscillations for diffraction of a finite-sized Bessel beam, through designing a cardioid-like hole. The boundary formula of the cardioid-like hole is given analytically. Numerical results by the complete Rayleigh-Sommerfeld method reveal that the Bessel beam propagates stably in a considerably long axial range, after passing through the cardioid-like hole. Compared with the gradually absorbing apodization technique in previous papers, in this paper a hard truncation of the incident Bessel beam is employed at the cardioid-like hole edges. The proposed hard apodization technique takes two advantages in suppressing the axial intensity oscillations, i.e., easier implementation and higher accuracy. It is expected to have practical applications in laser machining, light sectioning, or optical trapping.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00604