3 years ago

Dispersion in time and space: what propagating optical pulses in time (& not space) forces us to confront.

Paul Kinsler

I derive a temporally propagated uni-directional optical pulse equation valid in the few cycle limit. Temporal propagation is advantageous because it naturally preserves causality, unlike the competing spatially propagated models. The exact coupled bi-directional equations that this approach generates can be efficiently approximated down to a uni-directional form in cases where an optical pulse changes little over one optical cycle. They also permit a direct term-to-term comparison of the exact bi-directional theory with its corresponding approximate uni-directional theory. Notably, temporal propagation handles dispersion in a different way, and this difference serves to highlight existing approximations inherent in spatially propagated treatments of dispersion. Accordingly, I emphasise the need for future work in clarifying the limitations of the dispersion conversion required by these types of approaches; since the only alternative in the few cycle limit may be to resort to the much more computationally intensive full Maxwell equation solvers.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1501.05569

DOI: arXiv:1501.05569v3

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