3 years ago

Performance of two-dimensional tidal turbine arrays in free surface flow.

Xianliang Gong, Qiuhao Hu, Zhiliang Lin, Ye Li

Encouraged by recent studies on the performance of tidal turbine arrays, we extend the classical momentum actuator disc theory to include the free surface effects and allow the vertical arrangement of turbines. Most existing literatures concern one dimensional arrays with single turbine in the vertical direction, while the arrays in this work are two dimensional (with turbines in both the vertical and lateral directions) and also partially block the channel which width is far larger than height. The vertical mixing of array scale flow is assumed to take place much faster than lateral one. This assumption has been verified by numerical simulations. Fixing the total turbine area and utilized width, the comparison between two-dimensional and traditional one-dimensional arrays is investigated. The results suggest that the two dimensional arrangements of smaller turbines are preferred to one dimensional arrays from both the power coefficient and efficiency perspectives. When channel dynamics are considered, the power increase would be partly offset according to the parameters of the channel but the optimal arrangement is unchangeable. Furthermore, we consider how to arrange finite number of turbines in a channel. It is shown that an optimal distribution of turbines in two directions is found. Finally, the scenario of arranging turbines in infinite flow, which is the limiting condition of small blockages, is analysed. A new maximum power coefficient 0.869 occurs when $Fr=0.2$, greatly increasing the peak power compared with existing results.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00611

DOI: arXiv:1711.00611v1

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