3 years ago

Quantum Heat Current under Non-perturbative and Non-Markovian Conditions: Applications to Heat Machines.

Akihito Kato, Yoshitaka Tanimura

We consider a quantum system strongly coupled to multiple heat baths at different temperatures. Quantum heat transport phenomena in this system are investigated using two definitions of the heat current, one in terms of the system energy, and the other in terms of the bath energy. When we consider correlations among system-bath interactions (CASBI) -- which have a purely quantum mechanical origin -- the definition in terms of the bath energy becomes different. We found that CASBI are necessary to maintain the consistency of the heat current with thermodynamic laws in the case of strong system-bath coupling. However, within the context of the quantum master equation approach, both of these definitions are identical. Through a numerical investigation, we demonstrate this point for a non-equilibrium spin-boson model and a three-level heat engine model using the reduced hierarchal equations of motion approach under strongly coupled and non-Markovian conditions. We observe cyclic behavior of the heat currents and the work performed by the heat engine,and we find that their phases depend on the system-bath coupling strength. Through consideration of the bath heat current, we show that the efficiency of the heat engine decreases as the strength of the system-bath coupling increases, due to the CASBI contribution. In the case of a large system-bath coupling, the efficiency increases further if the bath temperature is decreased, with fixed the ratio of the bath temperatures, due to the discretized nature of energy eigenstates. This is also considered to be a unique feature of quantum heat engines.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1609.08783

DOI: arXiv:1609.08783v3

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