4 years ago

Giant interfacial perpendicular magnetic anisotropy in Fe/CuIn$_{1-x}$Ga$_x$Se$_2$ beyond Fe/MgO.

Yoshio Miura, Shinya Kasai, Kazuhiro Hono, Keisuke Masuda

We study interfacial magnetocrystalline anisotropies in various Fe/semiconductor heterostructures by means of first-principles calculations. We find that many of those systems show perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) with a positive value of the interfacial anisotropy constant $K_{\rm i}$. In particular, the Fe/CuInSe$_2$ interface has a large $K_{\rm i}$ of $\sim 2.3\,{\rm mJ/m^2}$, which is about 1.6 times larger than that of Fe/MgO known as a typical system with relatively large PMA. We also find that the values of $K_{\rm i}$ in almost all the systems studied in this work follow the well-known Bruno's relation, which indicates that minority-spin states around the Fermi level provide dominant contributions to the interfacial magnetocrystalline anisotropies. Detailed analyses of the local density of states and wave-vector-resolved anisotropy energy clarify that the large $K_{\rm i}$ in Fe/CuInSe$_2$ is attributed to the preferable $3d$-orbital configurations around the Fermi level in the minority-spin states of the interfacial Fe atoms. Moreover, we have shown that the locations of interfacial Se atoms are the key for such orbital configurations of the interfacial Fe atoms.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1707.02694

DOI: arXiv:1707.02694v3

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