3 years ago

Direct Analysis of Biofluids by Mass Spectrometry with Microfluidic Voltage-Assisted Liquid Desorption Electrospray Ionization

Direct Analysis of Biofluids by Mass Spectrometry with Microfluidic Voltage-Assisted Liquid Desorption Electrospray Ionization
Yi-Ming Liu, Shulin Zhao, Xiangtang Li, Hankun Hu, Xin Wei, Rui Xu
Signal suppression by sample matrix in direct electrospray ionization–mass spectrometric (ESI-MS) analysis hampers its clinical and biomedical applications. We report herein the development of a microfluidic voltage-assisted liquid desorption electrospray ionization (VAL-DESI) source to overcome this limitation. Liquid DESI is achieved for the first time in a microfluidic format. Direct analysis of urine, serum, and cell lysate samples by using the proposed microfluidic VAL-DESI-MS/MS method to detect chemical compounds of biomedical interest, including nucleosides, monoamines, amino acids, and peptides is demonstrated. Analyzing a set of urine samples spiked with dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) showed that the assay had a linear calibration curve with r2 value of 0.997 and a limit of detection of 0.055 μM DOPA. The method was applied to simultaneous quantification of nucleosides, that is, cytidine, adenosine, uridine, thymidine, and guanosine in cell lysates using 8-bromoadenosine as internal standard. Adenosine was found most abundant at 26.5 ± 0.57 nmol/106 cells, while thymidine was least at 3.1 ± 0.31 nmol/106 cells. Interestingly, the ratio of adenosine to deoxyadenosine varied significantly from human red blood cells (1.07 ± 0.06) to cancerous cells, including lymphoblast TK6 (0.52 ± 0.02), skin melanoma C32 (0.82 ± 0.04), and promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cells (0.38 ± 0.06). These results suggest that the VAL-DESI-MS/MS technique has a good potential in direct analysis of biofluids. Further, because of the simplicity in its design and operation, the proposed microfluidic liquid DESI source can be fabricated as a disposable device for point-of-care measurements.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02398

DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.7b02398

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.