3 years ago

FoxA transcription factor Fork head maintains the intestinal stem/progenitor cell identities in Drosophila

Understanding how somatic stem cells respond to tissue needs is important, since aberrant somatic stem cell behaviors may lead to tissue degeneration or tumorigenesis. Here, from an in vivo RNAi screen targeting transcription factors that regulate intestinal regeneration, we uncovered a requirement for the Drosophila FoxA transcription factor Fork head (Fkh) in the maintenance of intestinal stem/progenitor cell identities. FoxA/Fkh maintains the expressions of stem/progenitor cell markers and is required for stem cell proliferation during intestinal homeostasis and regeneration. Furthermore, FoxA/Fkh prevents the intestinal stem/progenitor cells from precocious differentiation into the Enterocyte lineage, likely in cooperation with the transcription factor bHLH/Daughterless (Da). In addition, loss of FoxA/Fkh suppresses the intestinal tumorigenesis caused by Notch pathway inactivation. To reveal the gene program underlying stem/progenitor cell identities, we profiled the genome-wide chromatin binding sites of transcription factors Fkh and Da, and interestingly, around half of Fkh binding regions are shared by Da, further suggesting their collaborative roles. Finally, we identified the genes associated with their shared binding regions. This comprehensive gene list may contain stem/progenitor maintenance factors functioning downstream of Fkh and Da, and would be helpful for future gene discoveries in the Drosophila intestinal stem cell lineage.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0012160617303287

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.