3 years ago

The Safety and Efficacy of an Alcohol-Free Pancreatic Cyst Ablation Protocol

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)−guided chemoablation with ethanol lavage followed by infusion of paclitaxel is effective for the treatment of mucinous pancreatic cysts. However, complications arise in 3%−10% of patients, presumably linked to the inflammatory effects of ethanol. We aimed to determine whether alcohol is required for effective pancreatic cyst ablation, if removing alcohol from the ablation process would improve complication rates, and whether a multi-agent chemotherapeutic cocktail could increase the rate of complete cyst resolution compared with findings reported from previous trials using alcohol followed by paclitaxel alone. Methods Between November 2011 and December 2016, we conducted a single-center, prospective, double-blind trial of 39 patients with mucinous-type pancreatic cysts. Patients were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups that underwent EUS-guided pancreatic cyst lavage with either 80% ethanol (control) or normal saline (alcohol-free group). Cysts in both groups were then infused with an admixture of paclitaxel and gemcitabine. Primary outcomes were the rates of complete ablation 12 months after the procedure, and rates of serious and minor adverse events within 30 days of the procedure. Results At 12 months, 67% of patients who underwent alcohol-free EUS-guided cyst chemoablation had complete ablation of cysts compared with 61% of patients in the control group. Serious adverse events occurred in 6% of patients in the control group vs none of the patients in the alcohol-free group. Minor adverse events occurred in 22% of patients in the control group and none of the patients in the alcohol-free group. The overall rate of complete ablation was 64%. Conclusions In this prospective, randomized, controlled trial, we found that alcohol is not required for effective EUS-guided pancreatic cyst ablation, and when alcohol is removed from the ablation process, there is a significant reduction in associated adverse events. A multi-agent chemotherapeutic ablation admixture did not appear to significantly improve rates of complete ablation compared with the current standard of alcohol lavage followed by paclitaxel alone. ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01475331.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0016508517360201

You might also like
Never Miss Important Research

Researcher is an app designed by academics, for academics. Create a personalised feed in two minutes.
Choose from over 15,000 academics journals covering ten research areas then let Researcher deliver you papers tailored to your interests each day.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.