3 years ago

Validity of proximity sensor-based wear-time detection using the ActiGraph GT9X

Patty S Freedson, Kristie Andersen, Diego Arguello, Stephen S Intille, Alvin Morton, Dinesh John

Our study investigated the performance of proximity sensor-based wear-time detection using the GT9X under laboratory and free-living settings. Fifty-two volunteers (23.2 ± 3.8 y; 23.2 ± 3.7 kg/m2) participated in either a laboratory or free-living protocol. Lab participants wore and removed a wrist-worn GT9X on 3–5 occasions during a 3-hour directly observed activity protocol. The 2-day free-living protocol used an independent temperature sensor and self-report as the reference to determine if wrist and hip-worn GT9X accurately determined wear (i.e., sensitivity) and non-wear (i.e., specificity). Free-living estimates of wear/non-wear were also compared to Troiano 2007 and Choi 2012 wear/non-wear algorithms. In lab, sensitivity and specificity of the wrist-worn GT9X in detecting total minutes of wear-on and off was 93% and 49%, respectively. The GT9X detected wear-off more often than wear-on, but with a greater margin of error (4.8 ± 11.6 vs. 1.4 ± 1.4 min). In the free-living protocol, wrist and hip-worn GT9X’s yielded sensitivity and specificity of 72 and 90% and 84 and 92%, respectively. GT9X estimations had inferior sensitivity but superior specificity to Troiano 2007 and Choi 2012 algorithms. Due to inaccuracies, it may not be advisable to singularly use the proximity-sensor-based wear-time detection method to detect wear-time.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02640414.2017.1398891

DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2017.1398891

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