5 years ago

Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes: Synthesis, characterization and anticancer activity studies on BEL-7402 cells

Ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes: Synthesis, characterization and anticancer activity studies on BEL-7402 cells
Two new ligand PTTP (2-phenoxy-1,4,8,9-tetraazatriphenylene) and FTTP (2-(3-fluoronaphthalen-2-yloxy)-1,4,8,9-tetraazatriphenylene) and their six ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes [Ru(N-N)2(PTTP)](ClO4)2 and [Ru(N-N)2(FTTP)](ClO4)2 (N-N=dmb: 4,4′-dimethyl-2,2′-bipiridine; dmp: 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanthroline; ttbpy: 4,4′-ditertiarybutyl-2,2′-bipyridine) were synthesized and characterized. The cytotoxic activity of the complexes against cancer cells HeLa, BEL-7402, A549, HepG-2, HOS and normal cell LO2 was evaluated by MTT method. The IC50 values range from 1.5±0.1 to 55.9±7.5μM. Complex 3 shows the highest cytotoxic activity toward BEL-7402 cells (IC50 =1.5±0.1μM). Complex 5 displays most effective inhibition of the cell growth in A549 and HOS cells with low IC50 values of 2.5±0.6 and 2.6±0.1μM, respectively. The apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, mitochondrial membrane potential, DNA damage, autophagy and anti-metastasis assay were investigated under a fluorescent microscope. The cell cycle arrest was assayed by flow cytometry, and the expression of caspases and Bcl-2 family proteins was studied by western blot. The results obtained show that the complexes induce apoptosis in BEL-7402 cells through a ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction pathway.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0162013417300727

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.