3 years ago

Triphenyltin(IV) benzoates with diazenyl/imino scaffold exhibiting remarkable apoptosis mediated by reactive oxygen species

Triphenyltin(IV) benzoates with diazenyl/imino scaffold exhibiting remarkable apoptosis mediated by reactive oxygen species
The cytotoxic potency of a series of triphenyltin(IV) compounds of general composition [Ph3Sn(Ln)] (16) has been probed in vitro employing MDA-MB-231 (human breast cancer) and HeLa (human cervical cancer) cell lines, where Ln =L1–3; isomeric 2/3/4-{(E)-2-[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]diazenyl}benzoates and L4–6 are their corresponding isoelectronic imino analogues 2/3/4-[(E)-{[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylidene}amino]benzoates. Compounds 16 have been characterized by elemental analysis and their spectroscopic properties were studied using IR and NMR (1H, 13C, 119Sn) techniques. The molecular structures of a pro-ligand 2-[(E)-{[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methylidene}amino]benzoic acid (HL4) and two representative molecules, Ph3Sn(L2) 2 and Ph3Sn(L5) 5, have been determined by X-ray crystallography. Structural analyses of 2 and 5 revealed distorted tetrahedral geometries within C3O donor sets owing to monodentate modes of coordination of the respective carboxylate ligands, close intramolecular Sn…O(carbonyl) interactions notwithstanding. Cytotoxic studies in vitro in MDA-MB-231 and HeLa cell lines revealed high activity, in sub-micromolar range, for all investigated compounds. Among these, 1 and 3 exhibited potent cytotoxicity most effectively towards MDA-MB-231 cells with a IC50 value of 1.19 and 1.44μM, respectively, whereas 5 showed remarkable activity towards HeLa cells with a IC50 value of 0.88μM, yet the series of compounds had minimal cytotoxic effect on normal HEK 293 (human embryonic kidney) cell line. The underlying investigation suggested that the compounds exert potent antitumor effect by elevating intracellular reactive oxygen species generation and cause delay in cell cycle by inhibiting cells at G2/M phase. The results presented herein suggest further development of this class of triphenyltin(IV) compounds-based drugs as potential anti-cancer therapies should be pursued.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0162013416305505

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