3 years ago

Competitive reactions among glutathione, cisplatin and copper-phenanthroline complexes

Competitive reactions among glutathione, cisplatin and copper-phenanthroline complexes
A large number of cancers are treated with cisplatin (CDDP). However, its use is limited by drug resistance, which is often related to intracellular levels of thiol-containing molecules such as glutathione (GSH). The role of GSH in cisplatin-resistant cancer cells is still unclear. GSH may form adducts with CDDP which results in the deactivation of the drug, and, actually, a high intracellular level of GSH was observed in some cisplatin-resistant cancers. To overcome drug resistance, CDDP is often administered in combination with one or more drugs to exploit a possible synergistic effect. In previous studies, we observed that the sensitivity to CDDP of leukemic and ovarian cisplatin-resistant cancer cells was restored in the presence of [Cu(phen)2(H2O)](ClO4)2 (C0) (phen is 1,10-phenathroline). In order to clarify the possible interactions between GSH and CDDP, the reactivity and competitive reactions among CDDP, C0 and GSH in binary and ternary mixtures were studied. The investigation was extended also to [Cu(phen)(H2O)2(ClO4)2] (C10) and GSSG, the oxidized form of GSH. It was observed that CDDP was able to react with the studied copper complexes and with GSH or GSSG. However, in mixtures containing CDDP, GSH or GSSG and C0 or C10, only copper-glutathione complexes were detected, while no platinum-glutathione adducts were found.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S016201341730082X

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