3 years ago

Theoretical investigation on hydrogen bond interaction of diketo/keto-enol form uracil and thymine tautomers with intercalators

S. Vijayakumar, V. S. Anithaa, R. Shankar, M. Sudha

Abstract

The interaction of diketo and keto-enol form of thymine and uracil tautomers with acridine (Acr), phenazine (Phen), benzo[c]cinnoline (Ben), 1,10-phenanthroline (1,10-Phe), and 4,7-phenenthroline (4,7-Phe) intercalating drug molecules was studied using density functional theory at B3LYP/6–311++G** and M05-2×/6–311++G** levels of theory. From the interaction energy, it is found that keto-enol form tautomers have stronger interaction with intercalators than diketone form tautomers. On complex formation of thymine and uracil tautomers with benzo[c]cinnoline the drug molecules have high interaction energy values of −20.14 (BenT3) and −20.55 (BenU3) kcal mol-1, while phenazine has the least interaction energy values of −6.52 (PhenT2) and −6.67 (PhenU2) kcal mol-1. The closed shell intermolecular type interaction between the molecules with minimum elliptical value of 0.018 and 0.019 a.u at both levels of theory has been found from topological analysis. The benzo[c]cinnoline drug molecule with thymine and uracil tautomers has short range intermolecular N-H…N, C-H…O, and O-H...N hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) resulting in higher stability than other drug molecules. The proper hydrogen bonds N-H..N and O-H..N have the frequency shifted toward the lower side (red shifted) with the elongation in their bond length while the improper hydrogen bond C-H...O has the frequency shifted toward the higher side (blue shifted) of the spectral region with the contraction in their bond length. Further, the charge transfer between proton acceptor and donor along with stability of the bond is studied using natural bond orbital (NBO) analysis.

Graphical abstract
Hydrogen bond interaction of diketo/keto-enol form uracil and thymine tautomers with intercalators

Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00894-017-3476-8

DOI: 10.1007/s00894-017-3476-8

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