5 years ago

Engineering Single Nanopores on Gold Nanoplates by Tuning Crystal Screw Dislocation

Engineering Single Nanopores on Gold Nanoplates by Tuning Crystal Screw Dislocation
Xiaohu Gao, Fan Zhang, Bo Zhang, Yueming Zhai
Compared with the large variety of solid gold nanostructures, synthetic approaches for their hollow counterparts are limited, largely confined to chemical and irradiation-based etching of preformed nanostructures. In particular, the preparation of through nanopore structures is extremely challenging. Here, a unique strategy for direct synthesis of gold nanopores in solution without the need for sacrificial templates or postsynthesis processing is reported. By controlling the degree of crystal screw dislocation, a single through pore with diameter ranging from sub-nanometer to tens of nanometers, in the center of large gold nanoplates, can be engineered with precision. Ionic current rectification behaviors are observed using the gold nanopore, potentially enabling new capabilities in biosensing, sequencing, and imaging. High-throughput production of solid-state nanopores is a major challenge. A novel methodology is reported for solution-phase synthesis of Au nanoplates with a single through pore with diameters ranging from sub-nanometers to tens of nanometers in the center, based on crystal screw dislocation.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201703102

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