3 years ago

Mesoporous Silica Thin Membranes with Large Vertical Mesochannels for Nanosize-Based Separation

Mesoporous Silica Thin Membranes with Large Vertical Mesochannels for Nanosize-Based Separation
Hongwei Zhu, Manas Pal, Dengke Shen, Wei Li, Dongyuan Zhao, Daifallah Al-Dahyan, Longlong Wu, Jianjian Lin, Gang Chen, Ahmed A. Elzatahry, Yupu Liu
Membrane separation technologies are of great interest in industrial processes such as water purification, gas separation, and materials synthesis. However, commercial filtration membranes have broad pore size distributions, leading to poor size cutoff properties. In this work, mesoporous silica thin membranes with uniform and large vertical mesochannels are synthesized via a simple biphase stratification growth method, which possess an intact structure over centimeter size, ultrathin thickness (≤50 nm), high surface areas (up to 1420 m2 g−1), and tunable pore sizes from ≈2.8 to 11.8 nm by adjusting the micelle parameters. The nanofilter devices based on the free-standing mesoporous silica thin membranes show excellent performances in separating differently sized gold nanoparticles (>91.8%) and proteins (>93.1%) due to the uniform pore channels. This work paves a promising way to develop new membranes with well-defined pore diameters for highly efficient nanosize-based separation at the macroscale. A biphase stratification growth strategy is developed for fabrication of the well-ordered mesoporous silica thin membranes with large vertical and tunable mesochannels on a variety of substrates. Profiting by centimeter-scale size, tunable, and well-defined vertical mesochannels, the obtained nanofilters based on free-standing mesoporous silica membranes show excellent size-selective separation power for gold nanoparticles mixtures, ovalbumin, and cytochrome c proteins.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1002/adma.201702274

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