3 years ago

Elucidating the reaction mechanism of SnF2@C nanocomposite as a high-capacity anode material for Na-ion batteries

Elucidating the reaction mechanism of SnF2@C nanocomposite as a high-capacity anode material for Na-ion batteries
Sn-based materials have drawn great attention as anodes for rechargeable batteries because of their extremely high theoretical energy storage capacities. Herein, a nanocomposite based on SnF2 and acetylene black is proposed as a high-performance anode material for sodium-ion batteries and their electrochemical performances, as well as related energy storage mechanism, are investigated. The nanocomposite electrode delivered a high reversible capacity of 563mAhg−1 which is considerably improved compared to a reversible capacity of 323mAhg−1 of the micron-sized bare SnF2 electrode. The nanocomposite electrode shows superior rate capability and delivers a reversible capacity of 191mAhg−1 at a high current density of 1C, while the bare electrode delivers negligible capacities. The changes in crystallographic structure are observed using in-situ XRD and the results reveal the existence of a solid solution of two or more species during dis/charging. The electronic and atomic configurations depending on the state of dis/charging are systematically investigated using ex-situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy. The results reveal that the valence change of Sn follows the conversion (SnF2 + 2Na → Sn + 2NaF) and alloying (Sn + XNa → SnNaX) reaction upon sodium insertion into a composite.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S2211285517306407

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