3 years ago

Synergistic effect of caprolactam as lewis base and interface engineering for efficient and stable planar perovskite solar cells

Synergistic effect of caprolactam as lewis base and interface engineering for efficient and stable planar perovskite solar cells
Low-cost caprolactam (CPL) has been introduced into one-step anti-solvent process to fabricate efficient and stable planar perovskite solar cells (PSCs) for the first time. It is found that CPL as a Lewis base has the weak coordination ability to Pb(II), and this weak interaction will be easily broken by either anti-solvent dripping or annealing owing to the steric effect, thus leading to a compact film with monolithic grains. Up to 19.2% power conversion efficiency (PCE) has been achieved. Especially, the PSCs exhibit superior stability in ambient condition, which PCE can be retained 95% of its initial PCE after 1200h. Further investigation suggests that the residual CPL in the perovskite film can well passivate perovskite grain boundaries and the interface by its interaction with Pb2+ cations, thus leading to good anti-moisture and thermal stabilities of perovskite films. This work provides a new way to fabricate highly efficient, stable PSCs by adopting an appropriate Lewis base simultaneously for high quality perovskite films and passivation toward grain boundaries and interfaces.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S2211285517306535

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