3 years ago

KIT mutations and CD117 overexpression are markers of better progression-free survival in vulvar melanomas

M.T. Fernandez-Figueras, R. Vollmer, D. Dias-Santagata, S. Puig, M.P. Hoang, C.R. Shea, Y. Su, K.M. Paral, G. Tell-Marti, S.C. Shalin, A. Marszalek, A. Chłopik, J. Ryś, Y. Peng, M.A. Selim, W. Biernat
Background Few studies have addressed prognostic markers and none has correlated molecular status and prognosis in vulvar melanomas. Objectives To evaluate the clinicopathological features of 95 cases of vulvar melanoma. Methods p53, CD117, Ki-67, neurofibromin, brafv600e and nrasq61r immunostains, and molecular analyses by either targeted next-generation or direct sequencing, were performed on available archival materials. Results Molecular testing detected mutations in KIT (44%), BRAF (25%), NF1 (22%), TP53 (17%), NRAS (9%) and TERT promoter (9%). Co-mutation of KIT and NF1 and of KIT and NRAS were identified in two and one cases, respectively. KIT mutations were significantly associated with better progression-free survival in univariate analyses. In multivariate analyses CD117 expression was significantly associated with better progression-free survival. Tumour thickness was significantly associated with worse progression-free and overall survival, and perineural invasion significantly correlated with reduced melanoma-specific survival and reduced overall survival. Cases were from multiple centres and only a subset of samples was available for molecular testing. Conclusions KIT mutations and CD117 overexpression are markers of better progression-free survival. In addition to its prognostic value, molecular testing may identify cases that might respond to targeted agents or immunotherapeutic approaches.

Publisher URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/doi

DOI: 10.1111/bjd.15836

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