5 years ago

HLA-DP84Gly constitutively presents endogenous peptides generated by the class I antigen processing pathway

HLA-DP84Gly constitutively presents endogenous peptides generated by the class I antigen processing pathway
Yuki Yamashita, Marcus O. Butler, Makito Tanaka, Naoto Hirano, Tingxi Guo, Mark D. Minden, Yuki Kagoya, , Kenji Chamoto, , Kayoko Saso, Ankit Sinha, Thomas Kislinger, Munehide Nakatsugawa, Toshiki Ochi, Mark Anczurowski
Classical antigen processing leads to the presentation of antigenic peptides derived from endogenous and exogenous sources for MHC class I and class II molecules, respectively. Here we show that, unlike other class II molecules, prevalent HLA-DP molecules with β-chains encoding Gly84 (DP84Gly) constitutively present endogenous peptides. DP84Gly does not bind invariant chain (Ii) via the class II-associated invariant chain peptide (CLIP) region, nor does it present CLIP. However, Ii does facilitate the transport of DP84Gly from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the endosomal/lysosomal pathway by transiently binding DP84Gly via a non-CLIP region(s) in a pH-sensitive manner. Accordingly, like class I, DP84Gly constitutively presents endogenous peptides processed by the proteasome and transported to the ER by the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). Therefore, DP84Gly, found only in common chimpanzees and humans, uniquely uses both class I and II antigen-processing pathways to present peptides derived from intracellular and extracellular sources.

Publisher URL: http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms15244

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms15244

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