3 years ago

Attenuation of heat stress-induced spermatogenesis complications by betaine in mice

High temperatures can induce oxidative stress, impairment of spermatogenesis, and reduction of sperm quality and quantity concomitant with transient periods of partial or complete infertility in male mammals. Promising beneficial effects of betaine supplementation on the epididymal spermatozoa have been reported in experimental studies; however, its effects on testicular heat stress (HS)-induced impairment have yet to be determined. In the present study, betaine (Bet) was orally administrated (250 mg/kg day) during a 14-day period, before (Bet + HS group) or after (HS + Bet group) induction of testicular HS in 7–9 week-old male mice. HS was induced by testicular immersion in water at 42 °C in stress groups. Epididymal spermatozoa and testes were collected at days 14 and 28 after HS induction in order to analyze sperm characteristics, testicular oxidative status, and histological changes. Our studies showed that HS reduced testicular weight, the quality and quantity of epididymal spermatozoa, and impaired maturation of germinal cells. The levels of MDA, catalase, SOD, and GPX were increased in the testes of HS-induced mice (P < 0.01). Although betaine treatment before and after exposure to HS enhanced antioxidant defense (P < 0.05) and accelerated germinal epithelium regeneration, its effects on the characteristics of epididymal spermatozoa were scarce. On the other hand, in the absence of heat stress, quality and quantity of epididymal spermatozoa were improved following 14 days of betaine consumption. Our study revealed the beneficial effect of betaine on HS-induced complications of spermatogenesis, as well as its potency to improve epididymal spermatozoa in intact mice.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0093691X1730482X

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