4 years ago

Rapid Thermal Annealing of Cathode-Garnet Interface toward High-Temperature Solid State Batteries

Rapid Thermal Annealing of Cathode-Garnet Interface toward High-Temperature Solid State Batteries
Boyang Liu, Liangbing Hu, Hua Xie, Chengwei Wang, Yudi Kuang, Chunpeng Yang, Yunhui Gong, Glenn Pastel, Eric D. Wachsman, Yonggang Yao, Yanbin Wang, Kun Fu
High-temperature batteries require the battery components to be thermally stable and function properly at high temperatures. Conventional batteries have high-temperature safety issues such as thermal runaway, which are mainly attributed to the properties of liquid organic electrolytes such as low boiling points and high flammability. In this work, we demonstrate a truly all-solid-state high-temperature battery using a thermally stable garnet solid-state electrolyte, a lithium metal anode, and a V2O5 cathode, which can operate well at 100 °C. To address the high interfacial resistance between the solid electrolyte and cathode, a rapid thermal annealing method was developed to melt the cathode and form a continuous contact. The resulting interfacial resistance of the solid electrolyte and V2O5 cathode was significantly decreased from 2.5 × 104 to 71 Ω·cm2 at room temperature and from 170 to 31 Ω·cm2 at 100 °C. Additionally, the diffusion resistance in the V2O5 cathode significantly decreased as well. The demonstrated high-temperature solid-state full cell has an interfacial resistance of 45 Ω·cm2 and 97% Coulombic efficiency cycling at 100 °C. This work provides a strategy to develop high-temperature all-solid-state batteries using garnet solid electrolytes and successfully addresses the high contact resistance between the V2O5 cathode and garnet solid electrolyte without compromising battery safety or performance.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01934

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01934

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