5 years ago

Vertical versus Lateral Two-Dimensional Heterostructures: On the Topic of Atomically Abrupt p/n-Junctions

Vertical versus Lateral Two-Dimensional Heterostructures: On the Topic of Atomically Abrupt p/n-Junctions
Vaibhav Ostwal, Ruiping Zhou, Joerg Appenzeller
The key appeal of two-dimensional (2D) materials such as graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), or phosphorene for electronic applications certainly lies in their atomically thin nature that offers opportunities for devices beyond conventional transistors. It is also this property that makes them naturally suited for a type of integration that is not possible with any three-dimensional (3D) material, that is, forming heterostructures by stacking dissimilar 2D materials together. Recently, a number of research groups have reported on the formation of atomically sharp p/n-junctions in various 2D heterostructures that show strong diode-type rectification. In this article, we will show that truly vertical heterostructures do exhibit much smaller rectification ratios and that the reported results on atomically sharp p/n-junctions can be readily understood within the framework of the gate and drain voltage response of Schottky barriers that are involved in the lateral transport.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01547

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01547

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