3 years ago

Dynamics of metals in backfill of a phosphate mine of guiyang, China using a three-step sequential extraction technique

Dynamics of metals in backfill of a phosphate mine of guiyang, China using a three-step sequential extraction technique
Phosphate rock in Guiyang (Southwest of China) is used for the phosphate production, and hence generating a by-product phosphogypsum (PG). From 2007, part of the PG was used as main raw material for cemented backfill. The main objective of this paper is to investigate the geochemical evolution of metals before and after the PG inclusion into the backfill matrix. A sequential extraction procedure was selected to determine the chemical speciation of metals in phosphate rock, PG, binder and field backfill samples. Dynamics of metals going from phosphate rock and PG to backfill have been evaluated. The results showed that almost all the metals in the PG and binder had been effectively transferred to the backfill. Furthermore, compared to metals taken out along with phosphate rock exploitation, PG-based cemented backfill might bring some metals back but with only little metals in mobile fraction. Additionally, in order to determine the long-term behavior of metals in PG-based cemented backfill, the field samples which were backfilled from 2007 to 2016 were collected and analyzed. The results showed that total amounts of metals in backfill were all within similar range, indicating that the cemented PG backfill could be an effective method to solidify/stabilize metals in PG. Nevertheless, Due to the high water-soluble fractions detected, the concentrations of As, Mn and Zn should be continuously monitored.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0045653517317460

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