3 years ago

Apoplastic and symplastic uptake of phenanthrene in wheat roots

Apoplastic and symplastic uptake of phenanthrene in wheat roots
The contamination of agricultural crops by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has drawn considerable attention due to their carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and toxicity. However, the uptake process of PAHs in plant roots has not been clearly understood. In this work, we first study the radial uptake of phenanthrene in hydroculture wheat roots by vacuum-infiltration-centrifugation method. The concentration-dependent kinetics of apoplastic and symplastic uptake at phenanthrene concentrations of 0–6.72 μM for 4 h can be described with the Langmuir and Michaelis-Menten equations, respectively; whereas, their time-dependent kinetics at 5.60 μM phenanthrene for 36 h follow the Elovich equation. The apoplastic and symplastic uptake increases with temperature of 15–35 °C. The apparent Arrhenius activation energies for apoplastic and symplastic uptake are 77.5 and 9.39 KJ mol−1, respectively. The symplastic uptake accounts for over 55% of total phenanthrene uptake, suggesting that symplast is the dominant pathway for wheat root phenanthrene uptake. Larger volume of symplast in roots and lower activation energy lead to the greater contribution of symplast to total uptake of phenanthrene. Our results provide not only novel insights into the mechanisms on the uptake of PAHs by plant roots, but also the help to optimize strategies for crop safety and phytoremediation of PAH-contaminated soil/water.

Graphical abstract



The greater contribution of symplast to total root uptake of phenanthrene results from its larger volume in roots and lower activation energy.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S026974911732821X

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.