3 years ago

Raman spectroscopy to study thermal maturity and elastic modulus of kerogen

Although organic-rich oil-producing mudrocks have been studied extensively during the last decade, kerogen, as one the main constituents, is not thoroughly understood. The unknowns about kerogen elevate when it comes to its modulus of elasticity. Since kerogen is not as stiff as inorganic minerals, its presence can have a significant impact on the initiation and propagation of fractures in kerogen-rich formations that should undergo stimulation. This study proposes an approach to estimate modulus of elasticity of kerogen with different thermal maturities using Raman spectroscopy. Various shale samples from the upper and lower members of the Bakken Formation were picked from several wells within the Williston Basin in North Dakota, USA. These samples were analyzed using Rock-Eval (RE) pyrolysis and vitrinite reflectance (%Ro) for thermal maturity. In addition, Raman spectroscopic measurements were made on samples and followed by PeakForce AFM for Young's modulus estimation of the organic matter. First, the Raman responses were correlated with the thermal maturity and then, a correlation was established to show the potential relationship between elastic modulus of organic matter and its Raman response based on the maturity levels.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0166516217307425

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