5 years ago

Dynamic Electronic Junctions in Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Perovskites

Dynamic Electronic Junctions in Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Perovskites
Biwu Ma, Peng Xiong, Yu-Che Chiu, Fernando Perez-Orive, Yichuan Ling, Yijun Du, Xi Wang, Hanwei Gao, Jorge Luis Barreda
Organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites have shown great potential as building blocks for low-cost optoelectronics for their exceptional optical and electrical properties. Despite the remarkable progress in device demonstration, fundamental understanding of the physical processes in halide perovskites remains limited, especially the unusual electronic behaviors such as the current–voltage hysteresis and the switchable photovoltaic effect. These phenomena are of particular interests for being closely related to device functionalities and performance. In this work, a microscopic picture of electric fields in halide perovskite thin films was obtained using scanning laser microscopy. Unlike conventional semiconductors, distribution of the built-in electric fields in the halide perovskite evolves dynamically under the stimulation of external biases. The observations can be well explained using a model based on field-assisted ion migration, indicating that the mechanism responsible for the evolving charge transport observed in this material is not purely electronic. The anomalous dynamic responses to the applied bias are found to be effectively suppressed by operating the devices at reduced temperature or processing the materials at elevated temperature, which provide potential strategies for designing and creating halide perovskites with more stable charge transport properties in the development of viable perovskite-based optoelectronics.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01665

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b01665

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