4 years ago

Broadband Absorbing Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles for Photoacoustic Imaging in Second Near-Infrared Window

Broadband Absorbing Semiconducting Polymer Nanoparticles for Photoacoustic Imaging in Second Near-Infrared Window
Lulu Zhang, Paul Kumar Upputuri, Manojit Pramanik, Kanyi Pu, Qihua Xiong, Chen Xie, Yan Lyu, Yuyan Jiang
Photoacoustic (PA) imaging holds great promise for preclinical research and clinical practice. However, most studies rely on the laser wavelength in the first near-infrared (NIR) window (NIR-I, 650–950 nm), while few studies have been exploited in the second NIR window (NIR-II, 1000–1700 nm), mainly due to the lack of NIR-II absorbing contrast agents. We herein report the synthesis of a broadband absorbing PA contrast agent based on semiconducting polymer nanoparticles (SPN-II) and apply it for PA imaging in NIR-II window. SPN-II can absorb in both NIR-I and NIR-II regions, providing the feasibility to directly compare PA imaging at 750 nm with that at 1064 nm. Because of the weaker background PA signals from biological tissues in NIR-II window, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of SPN-II resulted PA images at 1064 nm can be 1.4-times higher than that at 750 nm when comparing at the imaging depth of 3 cm. The proof-of-concept application of NIR-II PA imaging is demonstrated in in vivo imaging of brain vasculature in living rats, which showed 1.5-times higher SNR as compared with NIR-I PA imaging. Our study not only introduces the first broadband absorbing organic contrast agent that is applicable for PA imaging in both NIR-I and NIR-II windows but also reveals the advantages of NIR-II over NIR-I in PA imaging.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02106

DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b02106

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