3 years ago

Display of GCRV vp7 protein on the surface of Escherichia coli and its immunoprotective effects in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)

Infection with Grass carp reovirus (GCRV) is becoming unprecedentedly widespread in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) aquaculture industry, yet the management of GCRV infection still remains a challenge. Therefore, it is of importance to develop effective means against GCRV. As a delivery system of viral antigens, surface displaying of heterologous proteins on bacteria using anchoring motifs has successfully been implemented in human and veterinary vaccines research. In this study, a novel vaccine (BL21/InpN/vp7) was developed based on surface displaying a major capsid protein (vp7) of GCRV using the anchoring motif of N-terminal unique domain of ice-nucleation protein (InpN) on Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) vaccine. Then the grass carp were immunized by surface displaying BL21/InpN/vp7 vaccine against GCRV using both intraperitoneal injection and bath immunization and their immune responses were tested. The results revealed that some non-specific immune parameters (acid phosphatase (ACP), alkaline phosphatase (AKP) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC)) were strongly increased in grass carp post injection inoculation (vp7 dose ranged from 10 to 20 μg). The specific antibody levels against GCRV and the transcriptional of immune-related genes (TNF-α, IL-1β, MHCI and IgM) were also significantly enhanced in grass carp by injection inoculation (vp7 dose ranged from 5 to 20 μg). On the other hand, only the highest dose of bath vaccination significantly induced the production of specific antibody and up-regulated transcriptions of several immune-related genes (IgM and MHCI) in grass carp. The lower cumulative mortality of grass carp in vaccinated groups after GCRV challenge clearly demonstrated that surface displayed vp7 vaccine could protect fish against GCRV infection. The relative percentage survival (RPS) value in injection vaccinated group (88.89%) was much higher compared to bath group (18.89%), which was in consistent with the production of specific serum antibodies, non-specific immune response and immune related genes expression. To sum up, our results indicated the surface display of heterologous antigenic proteins on E. coli BL21 (DE3) using the anchoring motif of ice-nucleation protein may provide a promising approach to the vaccine development of aquatic animals and suggested its potential to be used as vaccine to fight against GCRV infection.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1050464817306678

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.