3 years ago

EGFR and HER2 activate rigidity sensing only on rigid matrices

EGFR and HER2 activate rigidity sensing only on rigid matrices
Shuaimin Liu, Rishita Changede, Cynthia Hajal, Bo Yang, Mayur Saxena, Junqiang Hu, Michael P. Sheetz, Haguy Wolfenson, James Hone
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) interacts with integrins during cell spreading and motility, but little is known about the role of EGFR in these mechanosensing processes. Here we show, using two different cell lines, that in serum- and EGF-free conditions, EGFR or HER2 activity increase spreading and rigidity-sensing contractions on rigid, but not soft, substrates. Contractions peak after 15–20min, but diminish by tenfold after 4h. Addition of EGF at that point increases spreading and contractions, but this can be blocked by myosin-II inhibition. We further show that EGFR and HER2 are activated through phosphorylation by Src family kinases (SFK). On soft surfaces, neither EGFR inhibition nor EGF stimulation have any effect on cell motility. Thus, EGFR or HER2 can catalyse rigidity sensing after associating with nascent adhesions under rigidity-dependent tension downstream of SFK activity. This has broad implications for the roles of EGFR and HER2 in the absence of EGF both for normal and cancerous growth.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmat4893

DOI: 10.1038/nmat4893

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