3 years ago

Adsorption of methylene blue onto citric acid treated carbonized bamboo leaves powder: Equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics analyses

Adsorption of methylene blue onto citric acid treated carbonized bamboo leaves powder: Equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics analyses
In this article, the adsorption of methylene blue (MB) from its aqueous solution onto citric acid treated carbonized bamboo leaves powder as an adsorbent is reported. The adsorbent was characterized by determining the density, pHpzc (6.6), particle size (32.53μm), and was analyzed by SEM, BET (surface area 393.3m2/g) and FTIR. Batch experiments were performed as a function of various operating parameters - initial concentration (100 to 400mg/L), contact time (10 to 100min), adsorbent dose (0.2 to 1.4g/L), shaker speed (50 to 350rpm) and temperature (290 to 305K) at natural pH of 7.5. The batch data followed Temkin isotherm amongst seven isotherms and pseudo-second order kinetic model. Further, analysis of batch data upon various diffusion models indicated that film diffusion was controlling the rate though intra-particle diffusion was taking place. Thermodynamic parameters (ΔG0: −33.70 to −25.43kJ/mol; ΔH0: 134.97kJ/mol; ΔS0: 554.51J/mol·K) revealed spontaneity of adsorption and the nature was chemisorption which also followed the activation energy (84.07 to 98.90kJ/mol) estimated from pseudo-second order rate constant as a function of temperature. Novelties achieved were - higher removal of MB (99.97%), higher adsorption capacity (725mg/g), final solution pH well within the safe discharge limit. Besides, the seasonal variation was used to investigate the temperature effect in a novel manner.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0167732217330672

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