Impact of domain anisotropy on the inverse cascade in geostrophic turbulent convection.
The effect of domain anisotropy on the inverse cascade occurring within the geostrophic turbulence regime of rapidly rotating Rayleigh-B\'enard convection (RRBC) is investigated. In periodic domains with square cross-section in the horizontal a domain-filling dipole state is present. For rectangular periodic domains a Kolmogorov-like flow consisting of a periodic array of alternating unidirectional jets with embedded vortices is observed, together with an underlying weak meandering transverse jet. Similar transitions occurring in weakly dissipative two-dimensional flows driven by externally imposed small amplitude noise as well as in classical hydrostatic geostrophic turbulence are a consequence of inviscid conservation of energy and potential enstrophy and can be understood using statistical mechanics considerations. RRBC represents an important three-dimensional system with only one inviscid invariant that nonetheless exhibits large-scale structures driven by intrinsically generated fluctuations.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.01685