3 years ago

Secure Communications using Nonlinear Silicon Photonic Keys.

Bryan T. Bosworth, Michael R. Kossey, Mark A. Foster, A. Brinton Cooper, Amy C. Foster, Brian C. Grubel

We present a secure communication system constructed using pairs of nonlinear photonic physical unclonable functions (PUFs) that harness physical chaos in integrated silicon micro-cavities. Compared to a large, electronically stored one-time pad, our method provisions large amounts of information within the intrinsically complex nanostructure of the micro-cavities. By probing a micro-cavity with a rapid sequence of spectrally-encoded ultrafast optical pulses and measuring the lightwave responses, we experimentally demonstrate the ability to extract 2.4 Gb of key material from a single micro-cavity device. Subsequently, in a secure communications experiment with pairs of devices, we achieve bit error rates below $10^{-5}$ at code rates of up to 0.1. The PUFs' responses are never transmitted over the channel or stored in digital memory, thus enhancing security of the system. Additionally, the micro-cavity PUFs are extremely small, inexpensive, robust, and fully compatible with telecommunications infrastructure, components, and electronic fabrication. This approach can serve one-time pad or public key exchange applications where high security is required

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.01439

DOI: arXiv:1711.01439v1

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