3 years ago

Observations of SN 2015F suggest a correlation between the intrinsic luminosity of Type Ia supernovae and the shape of their light curves >900 days after explosion.

Michael M. Shara, Robert Fisher, Benjamin J. Shappee, Armin Rest, Ivo R. Seitenzahl, Or Graur, David R. Zurek, Adam G. Riess, James Guillochon

The late-time light curves of Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia), observed %CONTENT%gt;900$ days after explosion, present the possibility of a new diagnostic for SN Ia progenitor and explosion models. First, however, we must discover what physical process (or combination of processes) leads to the slow-down of the late-time light curve relative to a pure $^{56}$Co decay, as observed in SNe 2011fe, 2012cg, and 2014J. We present Hubble Space Telescope observations of SN 2015F, taken $\approx 600-920$ days past maximum light. Unlike those of the three other SNe Ia, the light curve of SN 2015F remains consistent with being powered solely by the radioactive decay of $^{56}$Co. We fit the light curves of these four SNe Ia in a consistent manner and measure possible correlations between the light curve stretch - a proxy for the intrinsic luminosity of the SN - and the parameters of the physical model used in the fit (e.g., the mass ratio of $^{56}$Co and $^{57}$Co produced in the explosion, or the time at which freeze-out sets in). We propose a new, late-time Phillips-like correlation between the stretch of the SNe and the shape of their late-time light curves, which we parametrize as the difference between their pseudo-bolometric luminosities at 600 and 900 days: $\Delta L_{900} = {\rm log}(L_{600}/L_{900})$. This model-independent correlation provides a new way to test which physical process lies behind the slow-down of SN Ia light curves %CONTENT%gt;900$ days after explosion, and, ultimately, fresh constraints on the various SN Ia progenitor and explosion models.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.01275

DOI: arXiv:1711.01275v1

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.