First demonstration of gamma-ray imaging using balloon-borne emulsion telescope.
We promote the precise gamma-ray observation project Gamma-Ray Astro-Imager with Nuclear Emulsion (GRAINE) using balloon-borne emulsion gamma-ray telescopes that realize high-angular-resolution, polarization-sensitive, and large-aperture-area observations in the 10 MeV--100 GeV energy region. Herein, we report the emulsion track-data analysis and the first demonstration of gamma-ray imaging via an emulsion telescope by using the flight data from the balloon experiment performed in 2015 (GRAINE 2015). The total 41-m$^2$ emulsion films are scanned by the latest read-out system for three months, and then the gamma-ray event selection is automatically processed. Millions of electron-pair events are accumulated from the balloon-borne emulsion chamber. The emulsion telescope significantly detects signals from a calibration source (gamma rays from an aluminum plate via cosmic-ray interactions) during the balloon observation and creates a gamma-ray image consistent with the source size and the expected angular resolution in the energy range of 100--300 MeV. The flight performances obtained in GRAINE 2015 prove that larger-area balloon-borne emulsion telescope experiments are feasible.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.01544
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