3 years ago

Quantum gap and spin-wave excitations in the Kitaev model on a triangular lattice.

Andrea Di Ciolo, George Jackeli, Adolfo Avella

We study the effects of quantum fluctuations on the dynamical generation of a gap and on the evolution of the spin-wave spectra of a frustrated magnet on a triangular lattice with bond-dependent Ising couplings, analog of the Kitaev honeycomb model. The quantum fluctuations lift the subextensive degeneracy of the classical ground-state manifold by a quantum order-by-disorder mechanism. Nearest-neighbor chains remain decoupled and the surviving discrete degeneracy of the ground state is protected by a hidden model symmetry. We show how the four-spin interaction, emergent from the fluctuations, generates a spin gap shifting the nodal lines of the linear spin-wave spectrum to finite energies.

Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.02016

DOI: arXiv:1711.02016v1

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