Dynamics of the Wigner Crystal of Composite Particles.
Conventional wisdom had long held that a composite particle behaves just like an ordinary Newtonian particle. In this paper, we derive the effective dynamics of a type-I Wigner crystal of composite particles directly from its microscopic wave function. It indicates that the composite particles are subjected to a Berry curvature in the momentum space as well as an emergent dissipationless viscosity. Therefore, contrary to the general belief, composite particles follow the more general Sundaram-Niu dynamics instead of the ordinary Newtonian one. We show that the presence of the Berry curvature is an inevitable feature for a dynamics consistent with the dipole picture of composite particles and Kohn's theorem. Based on the dynamics, we determine the dispersions of magneto-phonon excitations numerically. We find an emergent magneto-roton mode which signifies the composite-particle nature of the Wigner crystal. It occurs at frequencies much lower than the magnetic cyclotron frequency and has a vanishing oscillator strength in the long wavelength limit.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1611.08984