Generalised Quantum Fluctuation Relations.
The non-equilibrium dynamics of quantum many-body systems is one of the most fascinating problems in physics. Open fundamental and practical questions range from how they relax to equilibrium, to how to extract useful work from them. Here, we derive a set of exact results that relate out-of-equilibrium fluctuations in the energy and other observables of a quantum system to its equilibrium properties for a very general family of initial conditions. These quantum fluctuation relations generalise the Jarzynski and Crooks relations to quantum systems with conserved quantities, and can be applied to protocols driving the system between integrable and chaotic regimes, or coupling it to different reservoirs. We illustrate our results with simulations of an integrable model subject to quenches realisable with current technology. Our findings will help guiding research on the interplay of quantum and thermal fluctuations in quantum simulation, and their exploitation in the design of new quantum devices.
Publisher URL: http://arxiv.org/abs/1711.00871