3 years ago

Laparoscopic Promontohysteropexy During Pregnancy

To present a case of uterine prolapse in a pregnant patient at 10 weeks of gestation who was successfully treated by laparoscopic promontohysteropexy. To our knowledge, this is the first case of laparoscopic promontopexy during pregnancy to be reported in the literature. Design Step-by-step description of the surgery using videos (Canadian Task Force classification 3). Setting Uterine prolapse is a rare condition in young patients and is extremely rare in pregnant women. The reported incidence of uterine prolapse during pregnancy is 1/10,000 to 15,000 deliveries [1]. To date, only a few cases of prolapse during pregnancy have reported in the literature, most of which were treated with pessary insertion. A case involving laparoscopic surgery for uterine prolapse during pregnancy was reported by Matsumoto et al 1999 [2], but the authors did not perform the promontohysteropexy technique. Intervention A 27-year-old patient with uterine prolapse at 10 weeks of gestation was referred to our clinic for severe pelvic pain. Conservative treatment with pessary insertion was attempted but failed. Consequently, the patient was scheduled for laparoscopic promontohysteropexy. The surgery was made difficult by the increased size and softness of the uterus. To create an adequate surgical field, the sigmoid colon and right adnexa were suspended at the abdominal wall. The peritoneum above the promontorium was incised, and the longitudinal ligament was dissected. The paravesical spaces were opened, and the vesicovaginal space was dissected. A polypropylene mesh in the shape of an inverted “T” was introduced. The small arm was sutured to the anterior vaginal wall, and the posterior arms were passed through the posterior leaves of the broad ligament and fixed to the cervix at the level of the uterosacral ligaments. Both posterior arms were fixed at the level of the promontory using the Protack device (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN). The mesh was completely covered with peritoneum. The patient was discharged 3 days after surgery, with no pain and with normal pelvic floor status. The pregnancy proceeded uneventfully, and she delivered a 3500-g healthy baby by scheduled cesarean section at 39 weeks of gestation. During surgery, the position of the mesh around the uterus was assessed. The mesh was completely covered with peritoneum, and there were no adhesions due to mesh insertion. At 6 months after delivery, pelvic floor status was reassessed and found to be normal. Written informed consent for reporting this case was obtained from the patient before the procedure. The procedure was performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments. The Institutional Review Board and Ethical Committee of Victor Babeş University of Medicine and Pharmacy ruled that approval was not required for this study. Conclusion Laparoscopic promontohysteropxy can be performed during pregnancy if conservative treatment, such as pessary insertion, fails to restore the normal pelvic floor status.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S1553465017302169

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