3 years ago

Three-Dimensional Echocardiography–Derived Right Ventricular Ejection Fraction Correlates with Success of Decannulation and Prognosis in Patients Stabilized by Venoarterial Extracorporeal Life Support

Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) has been proved to effectively rescue patients from refractory cardiogenic shock. The role of the right ventricle in VA-ECMO has been emphasized, but quantitative right ventricular (RV) analysis in this population has been lacking. Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) is currently suggested for RV volumetric analysis. The aims of this study were to assess 3DE-derived RV ejection fraction (RVEF) in patients with refractory cardiogenic shock stabilized by VA-ECMO and to explore the association between 3DE-derived RVEF and weaning success as well as the prognosis after the first intent of decannulation. Methods Three-dimensional echocardiographic data sets before the first intent of decannulation were retrospectively selected and analyzed in 46 patients who underwent VA-ECMO for refractory acute circulatory collapse. Results Twenty-eight of the 46 patients had protocol-defined success in weaning from VA-ECMO. In the success group, both ventricles were smaller and had better pumping function. By stepwise multivariate linear regression, RV free wall strain, left ventricular ejection fraction, RV fractional area change, and central venous pressure were found to be independently associated with RVEF. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that RVEF had the highest area under the curve (0.90, P < .001) for weaning success with a cutoff value of 24.6%. Worse RVEF (≤24.6%) was also associated with poor prognosis in terms of all-cause mortality within 30 days (hazard ratio, 15.86; 95% CI, 3.56–70.73; P < .001). Conclusions Three-dimensional echocardiography–derived RVEF might represent the composite results of RV contractility, left ventricular performance, and fluid status. Under mechanical circulatory support of VA-ECMO, RVEF > 24.6% was associated with higher weaning success and lower 30-day mortality after the first intent of decannulation.

Publisher URL: www.sciencedirect.com/science

DOI: S0894731717306594

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