3 years ago

Non-Alcoholic Beverage Cues as Specific Comparison Images to Alcohol Image Cues

Lindsay S. Ham, David E. Lovett, Kayla D. Skinner, Jennifer C. Veilleux

Background: Visual alcohol cues are often used to elicit craving (e.g., cue-reactivity), and selection of appropriate comparison cues is important to isolate the specific effect of craving for alcohol. Objectives: In the current study, via the development of a new set of non-alcoholic beverage cues, we examine measurement and methodological choices in testing alcohol images for cue-reactivity studies. Methods: The current project combined two independent studies of hazardous (Study 1; n = 80) and recent drinkers (Study 2; n = 244) recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk. Participants viewed either alcohol cues (Lovett, Ham, & Veilleux, 2015 Lovett, D. E., Ham, L. S., & Veilleux, J. C. (2015). Psychometric evaluation of a standardized set of alcohol cue photographs to assess craving. Addictive Behaviors, 48, 5861. doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2015.05.002[Crossref], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®] [Google Scholar]) or newly developed non-alcoholic beverage cues. We also randomly assigned people to rate the cues regarding motivational (e.g., affect, craving for alcohol, resistance to alcohol) responses or non-motivational features (e.g., artistry). Results: In Study 1, we included presentation of non-beverage objects, and found that beverages were rated as more positive, less negative and with higher craving than non-beverage objects. In the combined sample, we found that the alcohol beverage cues were associated with greater craving than non-alcoholic beverage cues, and that there were no differences between cue types on either positive or negative affect. We also found an interaction between drinking experience and cue type in predicting resistance to drinking. Conclusions: We conclude that the choice of control cues in alcohol cue-reactivity studies is important, and that the currently developed non-alcoholic beverage cue set provides an adequate control for alcohol beverage cues for use in cue-reactivity paradigms.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/10826084.2017.1365087

DOI: 10.1080/10826084.2017.1365087

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