3 years ago

Toward 90-90-90: identifying those who have never been tested for HIV and differences by sex in Lesotho

Maria Augusta Carrasco, Vincent Wong, Jocelyn Wagman, Paul Fleming

To reach HIV epidemic control it is important to ensure that those who have never been tested access HIV testing and counseling (HTC) particularly in the context of a generalized HIV epidemic. Using data from the 2014 Lesotho Demographic Health Survey bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were conducted to determine the associations between never tested for HIV and key socio-cognitive characteristics by sex. Marginal probabilities at the means were calculated for the socio-cognitive variables for men and women to ascertain the magnitude of the differences in the likelihood of never being tested by sex. We stratified by gender and controlled for age, education, religion, marital status, place of residence, and years circumcised (for men only). Results indicate that more men than women have never been tested (χ2 = 461.16, p < 0.001); and, among men, acceptance of gender based violence (Odds ratio [OR]: 1.44, p < 0.001), holding discriminatory attitudes (OR: 1.50, p < 0.001), and not having basic HIV prevention knowledge (OR: 1.53, p < 0.001) were significantly associated with never being tested. The likelihood of never being tested among those who had these three socio-cognitive characteristics was much higher among men (0.56, p < 0.001) than women (0.20, p < 0.001). Given the strong sex differential, there is an urgent need for strategies specifically targeting men in order to effectively promote HTC uptake among them. Additionally, results suggest that those strategies should integrate strategies to address GBV acceptance, HIV prevention knowledge, and HIV discrimination or link men to programs addressing these.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2017.1372559

DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2017.1372559

You might also like
Discover & Discuss Important Research

Keeping up-to-date with research can feel impossible, with papers being published faster than you'll ever be able to read them. That's where Researcher comes in: we're simplifying discovery and making important discussions happen. With over 19,000 sources, including peer-reviewed journals, preprints, blogs, universities, podcasts and Live events across 10 research areas, you'll never miss what's important to you. It's like social media, but better. Oh, and we should mention - it's free.

  • Download from Google Play
  • Download from App Store
  • Download from AppInChina

Researcher displays publicly available abstracts and doesn’t host any full article content. If the content is open access, we will direct clicks from the abstracts to the publisher website and display the PDF copy on our platform. Clicks to view the full text will be directed to the publisher website, where only users with subscriptions or access through their institution are able to view the full article.