3 years ago

Patient profiles as organizing HIV clinicians’ ART adherence management: a qualitative analysis

Bruno Spire, Bertrand Lebouché, David Lessard, Andràs Lènàrt, Kim Engler, Francois Raffi, Isabelle Toupin, Leo Wong

The effectiveness of antiretroviral therapy (ART) depends on optimal clinical management and patient adherence. Little is known about patient characteristics that clinicians consider in the management of ART adherence. Exploring this issue, five focus groups were conducted with 31 HIV-clinicians from across France. A qualitative typological analysis suggests that clinician management of patient adherence is based on characteristics that coalesce into seven patient profiles. For the “passive” patient, described as taking ART exactly as prescribed without questioning their doctor’s expertise, a directive and simple management style was preferred. The “misleading” patient is characterized as concerned with social desirability and as reporting no adherence difficulties for fear of displeasing their doctor. If clinical outcomes are suboptimal, the clinicians’ strategy is to remind them of the importance of open patient-clinician communication. The “stoic” patient is described as requesting and adequately taking the most potent ART available. Here, clinicians emphasize assessment of side effects, which the patient may minimize. The “hedonistic” patient’s festive lifestyle and sexual risk-taking are seen as compromising adherence; with them, clinicians stress the patient’s responsibility for their own health and that of their sexual partners. The “obsessive” patient is portrayed as having an irrational fear of ART failure and an inability to distinguish illusory from genuine adherence barriers. With this patient, clinicians seek to identify the latter. The “overburdened” patient is recognized as coping with life priorities that interfere with adherence and, with them, a forgiving ART is favored. The “underprivileged” patient is presented as having limited education, income and housing. In this case, clinicians seek to improve the patient’s living conditions and access to care. These results shed light on HIV clinicians’ ART adherence management. The value of these profiles for HIV care and patients should be investigated.

Publisher URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09540121.2017.1360995

DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2017.1360995

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