HIV Prevention Among Transgender Populations: Knowledge Gaps and Evidence for Action
Purpose of Review
The purpose of this review is to summarize the available evidence-based HIV prevention interventions tailored for transgender people.
A limited number of evidence-based HIV prevention interventions have been tested with transgender populations. Most existing interventions target behavior change among transgender women, with only one HIV prevention program evaluated for transgender men. Studies addressing biomedical interventions for transgender women are ongoing. Few interventions address social and structural barriers to HIV prevention, such as stigma, discrimination, and poverty.
Evidence-based multi-level interventions that address the structural, biomedical, and behavioral risks for HIV among transgender populations, including transgender men, are needed to address disparities in HIV prevalence. Future research should address not only pre-exposure prophylaxis uptake and condom use but also structural barriers that limit access to these prevention strategies.
Publisher URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11904-017-0360-1