5 years ago

Voltammetric Enhancement of Li-Ion Conduction in Al-Doped Li7–xLa3Zr2O12 Solid Electrolyte

Voltammetric Enhancement of Li-Ion Conduction in Al-Doped Li7–xLa3Zr2O12 Solid Electrolyte
Ru-Shi Liu, Anirudha Jena, Yu-Ting Chen, Hwo-Shuenn Sheu, Wei Kong Pang, Vanessa K. Peterson, Ho Chang
Al-doped Li7–xLa3Zr2O12 is found to be more ionically conductive following voltammetric treatment in an all-solid-state Li|Li7–xLa3Zr2O12|Li cell configuration. This result is consistent with electrical impedance spectroscopy measurements, which reveal that the activation energy for lithium diffusion is reduced from 0.32 to 0.26 eV following voltammetric treatment. The Li deposition–dissolution signal has been observed in the voltammograms, and neutron powder diffraction shows an increase in the lithium content of the Li7–xLa3Zr2O12. Furthermore, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates a local rearrangement of O, resulting in a reduction of defects following voltammetric treatment, with the enhanced conductivity attributable to both the reduction of defect oxygen and increased lithium content. This work, therefore, reveals such voltammetric treatment as a simple and inexpensive alternative to existing doping approaches to boost the electrochemical performance of Li7–xLa3Zr2O12. The findings can improve the future development of all-solid-state Li-ion batteries. On the other hand, our approach to understanding the conductivity enhancement via voltammetric treatment may provide a better alteration in the ionic conduction of solid electrolytes during solid-state battery operation.

Publisher URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04004

DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b04004

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